Volume 25, Issue 1, March 2023

Editoral in Hungarian

Faludi Gábor

Investigation of visuospatial memory in obsessive-compulsive disorder using the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test

Gyula Demeter,  Hanga Csenge Klekner, Lilla Natália Tóth, Anita Lencsés, Katalin Csigó

Based on previous results the cognitive profile of patients with obsessive-compulsive

disorder (OCD) is determined by the impairment of executive and visual-spatial memory

functions. The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) is a widely used tool for examining

visual-spatial memory disorders. Several scoring systems can be used to evaluate the

ROCF and the most widespread is the original Osterrieth evaluation system. The Boston

Qualitative Scoring System (BQSS) is a new, much more detailed scoring system than the

Osterrieth, which allows both quantitative and a more detailed qualitative analysis of ROCF.

In our study, we analyzed the copying and immediate recall performance of 24 OCD and

24 age- and education-matched healthy control subjects using the Osterrieth and BQSS

scoring systems. Our research had two main goals, (1) to examine the diff erences in visualspatial

memory performance shown by the OCD group compared to the control group,

and (2) to compare the Osterrieth and BQSS scoring systems in one clinical sample. Based

on both the Osterrieth and BQSS scoring systems, our results show that the OCD group

performed significantly worse in the recall phase, but not in the copy phase. According

to our results both scoring systems can be effectively used to examine the functioning of

visual-spatial memory in OCD patients. While the Osterrieth evaluation system is faster

and more widespread, the BQSS scoring system examines detailed qualitative aspects in

addition to quantitative indicators.

Keywords: obsessive-compulsive disorder, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, Boston

Qualitative Scoring System, visual-spatial memory, executive functions

Sexual abuse of children is an important issue with severe consequences, so self-care

education programs increase children’s awareness, knowledge, and skills against sexual

abuse. It has been considered as one of the priorities of health and treatment issues in

different countries of the world. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the

program of psychological interventions with a robot on the sexual care of children. The

results showed that psychological interventions with robots are effective on children’s sexual

care. The prevention program is to prevent sexual victimization of children by helping them

learn skills to protect themselves and teach them to recognize good and bad contact and

seek a trusted adult for help and can be considered as a treatment method by counselors

and psychologists.

(Neuropsychopharmacol Hung 2023; 25(1): 18–25)

Keywords: prevention program, sexual care, psychological interventions, sexual abuse, robot

Psychotherapeutic interventions diff er from other health care interventions in many ways,

thus the indicators of evidence-based medicine should be used with modifications when

necessary. Implementation of a unified evaluation and quality assurance framework would

aid the psychotherapy scene in having their intervention methods acknowledged by other

medical specialties as an equal healthcare intervention. Professional recommendations

regarding the interventions and methods used in clinical care in the field of psychotherapy

can be laid down in specific professional guidelines of the domestic healthcare regulatory

practice. A professional guideline is both a starting point and a practical guide for (planning

to train, in training, or trained) professionals, as well as for the healthcare funder(s). In

addition, a fi xed professional framework would provide a consistent and accountable

reference for quality assurance for patients who wish to recover and for those consider

receiving psychotherapy. Evidence-based recommendations for the practice of the

profession 1) can validate the applied care practice through findings supported from a

scientific point of view, 2) can consensually resolve the specific contradictions of the field

through definitions 3) can also provide a basis for transparent training, administrative and

financing aspects. Consistent professional decision-making must be carried out according

to a uniform ranking system. The reliability of the evidence is also very important in terms

of clinical applicability of a psychotherapy method.

Keywords: psychotherapy, guideline, efficacy, consensus, methodology

In his present paper the author discusses the role of depression in suicidal behaviour with

particular regards to the regional differences in the suicide rate of Hungary, and to the

role of more widespread antidepressant treatment in the declining national suicide rate.

Keywords: antidepressants, depression, suicide, suicide prevention, regional differences